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The correlation between interpersonal conflict and job satisfaction among intensive care nurses ميرفت محمد الكاشف

Abstract: Background: Nursing is the profession that based on collaborative relations that concentrate on high-quality care. Interpersonal conflict in the nursing profession is inevitable and can lead to nurses' job dissatisfaction with low-quality patient care. Aim: the study objective was conducted to assess the level of job satisfaction, interpersonal conflict and to ascertain the relationship between nurses' job satisfaction and interpersonal conflict among nurses in intensive care units at Benha University hospital.Methodology: research design used for the study was a cross-sectional correlational design with three months of monitoring. The study conducted in all available nurses working in critical care units at Benha University hospital in Benha city, Egypt which affiliated to the Ministry of health. After seeing the inclusion and exclusion criteria, the study sample was 150 professional nurses (150 out of 216) with a minimum of one year of experience; and willing to participate in the study. The study made use of a three-part researcher-made questionnaire, developed from the literature review. A convenient type of sample was used to collect the data. The researchers designed an interviewing assessment sheet, and the interpersonal conflict questionnaire and Bar- job satisfaction questionnaire are used to collect the data. Results: The findings showed that; the large percentages of the studied sample (78%) have interpersonal conflict. Majority of subjects were dissatisfied with their work (82.7%), and there was a significant negative correlation between interpersonal conflict and job satisfaction among studied nurses. Conclusions: interpersonal conflict negatively correlates with job satisfaction, and there were significant...

The Effect of Evidence-Based Guidelines on Nurses, Performance in Respect to Nosocomial Infection at Medical-Surgical and Obstetrician Departments Mageda A. S. Arafat1, Abeer Yahia Mahdy2, Mirfat M. L. El-Kashif3,* ميرفت محمد الكاشف

Abstract Background: Nurses are healthcare workers that play an essential role in the control of hospital infection, protect patients from hospital required infection and leads to better control of diseases. As long as, nurses, midwives, and healthcare support workers. Healthcare staff should have an adequate level of performance regarding hospital infection. Aim: Assess the effect of evidence-based guidelines on Nurse's performance in respect to nosocomial infection at medical-surgical and obstetrician department. Subjects and Methods: A pretest-posttest questionnaire design was used in this study to assess the effect of evidence-based guidelines on performance among nurses for infection control at Benha University Hospital. Sample: the total 110 nurses enrolled in this study (60) nurses in the internal medicine department, (30) nurses in the surgical department and (20) nurses in the obstetric department, nurses who their experience at least one year. With different, Age 20- 50 years old had been selected .Results: The present study showed that there were statistically significant differences in the level of knowledge, the practice of infection control methods, nurses attitude regarding nosocomial infection control before and immediately after induction of the guidelines,( MH7.220, P0.05), knowledge and attitude were (0.012, p>0.05), practice and attitude were (r=0.324, p ...

An Assessment of the Factors Influencing the Use of over-the-Counter Medication during the Second Trimester of Pregnancy, Egypt Mirfat Mohamed Labib El-Kashif1,*, Sheren Ebrahim El-Tahry2 ميرفت محمد الكاشف

Abstract Background: the use of self-medication in pregnancy is considered a public health problem and very complex.
The accuracy of this data is exceptionally remarkable as more clinical nurses announce self- medication used by pregnant
women has ever created a challenge in antenatal care due to the potential fetal teratogenicity associated it is using. The uses of
self -medications during pregnancy and the factors influencing it have not yet been fully investigated. Aim: The aim of this
study was to assess the magnitude of the use of over-the-counter medication during the second trimester of pregnancy and its
factors. Design: - A cross-sectional descriptive design from Jun to August 2018. Findings: - Out of 1050 respondents, 73.3%
of pregnant women used self- medications during their current pregnancy. Analgesics were the most common medication
used (44.8%), followed by vitamins (39.0%). The pharmacist was the most common source of knowledge (22.7%) and
regarded as easy access. No access to medication in governmental health care facilities (87.7%), and the health provider did
not listen carefully to complain (87.7%), were the main reasons mentioned for using self- medication. More than half of users
had a high level of education, and 57.8% of them had an insufficient monthly income. Chronic diseases were a significant
variable with use of self-medication during pregnancy. Conclusion & Recommendation: The use of self-medication is
prevalent among pregnant women. The deficiency of appropriate recommendations related to pregnancy- medications are
challenging for healthcare staff and clinical nurse who need sturdy evidence for...

A study of sexual dysfunction and its associated factors among women in childbearing age, Egypt Mirfat Mohamed Labib El-Kashif1, Sheren Ebrahim El-tahry2 1Maternity, Obstetric and Gynecological Nursing Department, Faculty of Nursing, Port Said University, ميرفت محمد الكاشف

ABSTRACT
Background and objective: Sexual dysfunction is a significant public health problem that is more common among women than
in men. The women sexual dysfunction and the factors influencing it have not yet been fully investigated. Aim: The present study
aimed to evaluate sexual dysfunction and its associated factors among women in childbearing age, Egypt.
Methods: A population-based cross-sectional survey involving 780 non-pregnant sexual active females aged 15-51 years old
who were recruited into the study by random sampling. The study population was selected from health facilities which affiliated
to the ministry of health in Damietta Governorate. Interview tools used to collect data related to female and male partner.
Results: A total of 780 women in childbearing age were enrolled. More than half of the studied women have sexual dysfunction
versus 46.9% without sexual function. 22.3% of sexual dysfunction women have mild dysfunction, 18.5% of them have moderate
dysfunction, and 12.3% have severe dysfunction. Desire disorder was the most common sexual disorder among participants
(67.3%), followed by arousal disorder (55.8%). There was a statistically significant correlation between female sexual dysfunction
and husband’s age, educational level and husbands suffer from depression, heavy smokers and hypnotic drugs used. Female
sexual dysfunction was found among older age, low educated and non-workers females, as well as women, suffer chronic disease,
genital inflammation, and stress.
Conclusions: Sexual dysfunction is prevalent among women, so further study based on a comprehensive survey is necessarily
needed.
KeyWords: Female, Reproductive age, Sexual dysfunction

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Shift Work Pattern and Menstrual Characteristics among Nurses in Egypt Mirfat, M. L. El-Kashif1 and Mageda, A. S. Arafat2 1Lecturer of Maternity, Obstetric and Gynecological Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Port Said University, Port Said, Egypt. 2Lecturer, N ميرفت محمد الكاشف

Abstract: Background: Rotating shift work may interrupt the normal function of the biological clock, so
considered to be one of the factors leading to alter endocrine regulation and increased risk of menstrual cycle
abnormality. Aim: to assess the impact of shift work pattern on menstrual characteristics among nurses.
Methodology: Research design used for the present study was a cross-sectional comparative design with three
months of monitoring. The survey conducted in three hospitals in Benha city, Egypt which affiliated to the Ministry
of health. After recognizing the inclusion and exclusion criteria, the study sample was 100 (100 out of 678) active
female nurse staff who were in reproductive age below 40 years and had at least one year of work experience. A
convenient type of sample was used to collect the data. The researchers designed an interviewing assessment sheet,
and semi-structured menstrual self-assessment tool was adopted by the researcher to collect the data. Results: The
present study showed that there were statistically significant differences in educational attainment, work duration
and drinking tea habit among nurses in rotating shifts compared to day shift one. Heavy menstrual bleeding and
severe dysmenorrhea were significantly higher among rotating shifts group nurses (MCP=0.034* and P=0.021*,
respectively). Also, inter-menstrual bleeding and short cycle length were higher among nurses in rotating shifts
group but not a significant difference. Also, Irregular menstrual cycle and very severe dysmenorrhea were
significantly higher among nurses with more than 12-night shifts rotation at the last twelve months of work
(P=0.001* and MCP=0.005*,...

Maternal Markers for Detecting Urinary Tract Infection among Pregnant Women in Port Said City, Egypt Mirfat Mohamed Labib El-Kashif1,*, Samia Eaid Elgazzar2 1Obstetric and Gynecological Nursing- Faculty of Nursing- Port Said University, Egypt 2Medical-Sur ميرفت محمد الكاشف

Abstract Background: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the highest frequently problem caused by bacterial
factors in a pregnant woman, which can lead to significant complications for both fetus and mother that hasten early
detection for problems and prevention. The study aimed to identify the maternal markers for detecting urinary tract
infection among pregnant women in port said City, Egypt. Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive
design was performed on 101 pregnant women who attend the obstetrics and gynecology clinic at Port Said general
hospital with the inclusion criteria from first September 2017 to end of February 2018. The structured interviewing
questionnaire and Laboratory test record were used to collect the data using a purposive sample. Result: In this study,
53.5 % of the studied women had positive bacteria in the urine culture. E. coli (39%) had the highest percentage of
the isolated bacteria followed by Staphylococcus aureus (26%). The frequency of micturition, followed by dysuria,
lower abdominal pain, urine color change, painful burning sensation, incomplete bladder evacuation were the most
common maternal markers, predisposing factors associated with UTI during pregnancy were age, occupation, family
income, previous treatment for UTI during current pregnancy, regular urination, diabetes mellitus, and previous
urinary tract infection. Recommendations: A guidelines about preventive measures of UTI for pregnant women
should be providing. Since the symptoms are considered reliable markers for detecting UTI during pregnancy, so
suitable screening for early detection and provide proper treatment for infected cases should be implemented.
Keywords: Urinary tract infection...

Factors Influencing Utilization of contraception among Women in Port Said City Dr. Elsayda Hamdy Nasr*1, Dr. Mirfat Mohamed Labib El-Kashif 2 & Dr. Esraa Mostafa Abd El-aty3 1, 2, 3 Lecturer of Maternity, Gynecological and Obstetrics Nursing, Faculty of N ميرفت محمد الكاشف

Abstract Background: Family planning permits individuals and couples to attain their desired number of children, the spacing and timing of their births. Widespread evidence shows that family planning is a good investment for governments, fewer babies mean improved health status for families, lower costs of maternal/child health care and education and higher worker productivity. The study aimed to assess factors influencing utilization of contraception among women in Port said City. Methodology: A community-based cross-sectional descriptive design was utilized in the family planning clinics at 12 health centers representing the six regions of Port-said city. A600 contraceptive user's women in the twelve centers were recruited randomly for the study. A self-administered questionnaire was used. Results: The women in the study sample mean age was 38.9 ±7.3 years, regarding uses of family planning methods the most common methods used were a hormonal method (56.5%). The intrauterine device was used by 28.3%. The majority of the studied women choose the method according to their desire and with their husband accord. More than one-third of them received contraceptive information from associates or friends and family member or relatives 34.7% of women suffered from side-effects and complications associated with the use of the contraceptive method. Method failure, cognitive barriers as well as the desire for conception were the most common reasons for discontinuation of contraceptives. Conclusion& Recommendation: Most of the ladies choose the method according to their cognitive, desire for conception, and method failure. A significant relation was found between financial variables, biological, menstrual...

Impact of Evidence-Based Guidelines on Attitude, Knowledge, and Behavior of Nurses in Respect to Hospital- Acquired Infection at Female Wards in Wadi- Aldwaser General Hospital, Saudi Arabia *Mirfat, M. L. El-Kashif,1 * Mageda, A. S. Arafat2 *1,2- Assista ميرفت محمد الكاشف

Abstract :Background: Hospital-acquired infection is one of the most common health problems, and it is a global issue that effect on quality of care provided. The nurse is one of healthcare professionals’ team that plays an essential role in the control of hospital infection and protect patients during hospitalization from the spread of infection to deliver high-quality care. Aim: The aims to assess the effect of evidence-based guidelines on knowledge, attitude and self-reported behavior of nurses regarding hospital-acquired infection at female wards in Wadi- Aldwaser general hospital

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FACTORS AFFECTING NURSES' APPLICATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY MEASURES TO PREVENT FALLS AMONG GERIATRIC PATIENTS IN FOUR HOSPITALS IN ALEXANDRIA Dr. Magda Mahmoud Mohamed Elgamil

ABSTRACT
Background: Falls of geriatric patients during their hospitalization are important and lead to increase in
the period of hospitalization with worse recovery conditions.
Aim: To determine factors affecting nurses' application of environmental safety measures to prevent falls
among geriatric patients in four hospitals in Alexandria.
Materials and Methods: The study was carried out in different inpatient wards and units in four types of
hospitals in Alexandria, Egypt. The study sample consisted of 296 nurses.
Tools: Three tools were used in this study: socio-demographic structured interview schedule, an observational
checklist of nurses' application of safety measures and nurses' knowledge about fall prevention questionnaire.
Results: Nurses working in the private hospital had lower mean score of knowledge about fall prevention
and higher mean score of applying safety measures to prevent falls than nurses working in the other
hospitals. Also, there are positive significant relations between level of knowledge and application among
nurses working in the governmental hospitals and there a negative relation between nurses' level of
knowledge and their application in the private hospital.
Recommendations: In-service training program should be planned and offered periodically to nurses to
update their knowledge and improve their skills about safety measures to prevent falls and fall-related
injuries this will affect positively the quality of care provided.
Keywords: Fall prevention, Environmental safety measures, Geriatric patients, Gerontological Nurse,
Patient safety

...
Effect of a Nutritional Education Program on Nutritional Status of Elderly in Rural Areas of Damanhur City, Egypt Dr. Magda Mahmoud Mohamed Elgamil

Effect of a Nutritional Education Program on Nutritional Status of Elderly in Rural Areas of Damanhur City, Egypt

Amal Yousef Abdelwahed1, Magda Mhmoud Mohamed Algameel2,*, Dalia Ibrahim Tayel3

1Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Damanhour University, Egypt

2Gerantological Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing Damanhour University, Egypt,
College of Applied Medical Science, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, KSA

3Nutrtion Department, High Institute of Public Health, Alexandria University, Egypt

Abstract  Background: Older adults are at an increased risk of inadequate diet and at risk of malnutrition. Poor nutritional status is associated with increased demands on health services, lengthier hospital stays and it is recognized as an important predictor of morbidity and mortality. Strategies for effective nutritional intervention should be implemented to prevent and treat malnutrition. Objective: The study aimed to assess the effect of a nutrition education program on the nutritional status of elderly in rural areas in Damanhur city. Subjects and Methods: One group pre-test post-test intervention study was carried out on 100 elderly at rural health unit namely Zarkon village, Damanhur city, Egypt. Data about socioeconomic characteristics, medical history, and life style were collected by interviewing. Nutrition educational program was implemented on 6 consecutive sessions, 6 days per week, and two sessions per day. Duration of each session ranged from 1-2 hours. The elderly persons were divided into 10 groups (each group in elderly contains...

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