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Prevalence of skin disorders and associated socio-economic factors among primary school children in the Eastern region of Saudi Arabia محموده بارفين رحمة الله
To identify the prevalent skin disorders among primary school children, awareness of its risk factors and to assess the socio-demographic determinants associated with their development. ...
Seroprevalence of Human Brucellosis in Wadi Al Dawaser region of Saudi Arabia محموده بارفين رحمة الله
Brucellosis is an important zoonotic disease and a major public health problem in the Middle East countries including Saudi Arabia. This study has evaluated the seroprevalence of human brucellosis in Wadi Al Dawaser region of Central Saudi Arabia. Methods: The study was conducted for three years (2015-2018) at Wadi Al Dawaser general hospital. A total of 6721 clinically suspected serum samples were collected over three years and tested by Rose Bengal Plate Test (RBPT), Serum Agglutination Test (SAT), IgM and IgG ELISA. A standard questionnaire to determine the risk factors were used among patients. ...
Cloud based healthcare data management framework محموده بارفين رحمة الله

Cloud computing services changed the way the data are managed across the healthcare system that can improve patient care. Currently, most healthcare organizations are using cloud-based applications and related services to deliver better healthcare facilities. But architecting a cloud-based healthcare system needs deep knowledge about the working nature of these services and the requirements of the healthcare environment. The success is based on the usage of appropriate cloud services in the architecture to manage the data flow across the healthcare system.Cloud service providers offer a wide variety of services to ingest, store and process healthcare data securely. The top three public cloud providers- Amazon, Google, and Microsoft offers advanced cloud services for the solution that the healthcare industry is looking for. This article proposes a framework that can effectively utilize cloud services to handle the data flow among the various stages of the healthcare infrastructure. The useful cloud services for ingesting, storing and analyzing the healthcare data for the proposed framework, from the top three cloud providers are listed in this work. Finally, a cloud-based healthcare architecture using Amazon Cloud Services is constructed for reference.

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Frequency and Awareness of Risk Factors of Non-Communicable Diseases among University Students in Saudi Arabia محموده بارفين رحمة الله
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in developed countries. This study has evaluated the frequency of the risk factors of NCDs and its awareness among students in a University in Saudi Arabia. ...
Effect of patellofemoral joint targeted education, and exercise guidelines on outcomes of patients with patellofemoral osteoarthritis سحر علي عبدالمحسن عبدالمحسن

Background and objective: Patellofemoral joint osteoarthritis (PFJOA) is an under recognized category of arthritis, evident in almost 70% of adults with knee pain. Objective was to evaluate the effect of patellofemoral joint targeted education, and exercise guidelines on outcomes of patients with patellofemoral osteoarthritis. Methods: A quasi experimental (pre/post) design was used. Setting: The study was conducted in the physiotherapy department of a large University Hospital in Egypt. Sample: A randomized 30 adult patients with symptomatic and diagnosed PFJOA. Researchers and Physiotherapists delivered the PFJ-targeted education, and exercise program in 3 sessions over 9 month period. Results: The PFJ-targeted education, and exercise guidelines resulted in a highly statistically significant difference in the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) pre/posttest in the whole five domains of the questionnaire; Pain (nine items); Symptoms (seven items); ADL Function (17 items); Sport and Recreation Function (five items); and Quality of Life (four items) p < .001**. Conclusions: PFJ-targeted education, and exercise guidelines were more effective in reducing pain, improving physical function, and activities of daily living. Recommendation: Replication of the study using a larger probability sample from different geographical areas to help for generalization of the results.

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Effect of Different Body Positions on Cardiorespiratory Parameters of Preterm Neonates Undergoing Mechanical Ventilation عطيات محمد حسن سيد

Abstract High prevalence of preterm infants' birth is considered a serious problem in health system in recent decades. Positions of the body in preterm neonates who receive respiratory support are accounted an important factor for ventilation and tissue oxygenation. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the effects of different body positions on cardiorespiratory parameters of preterm neonates undergoing mechanical ventilation. Crossover non-randomized clinical trial study design was used. Setting: The study was conducted at neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in Assiut University Children Hospital. The study subjects included 40 preterm neonates undergoing mechanical ventilation and met the inclusion criteria. A structured questionnaire was designed especially to collect the required data for this study; it included three parts: preterm neonates' personal and clinical data, and assessment of cardiorespiratory parameters including: Heart Rate (HR), Respiratory Rate (RR), and oxygen saturation (SpO2) in each position. Each preterm neonate was placed in three different positions (supine, right lateral and semi-prone). Results of the current study revealed a significant improvement in heart rate, respiratory rate and increase in oxygen saturation in neonates placed in semi-prone position with statistically significant differences were found between them during the three different body positions (p=0.02*, p=0.012*&p ...

Effect of Aromatherapy Massage on Postoperative Pain Among School Age Children عطيات محمد حسن سيد
Abstract Background: Aromatherapy is one of the non-pharmacological methods, it is safe and effective for improving postoperative pain. Aim: This study was aimed to investigatethe effect of aromatherapy massage on postoperative pain among school age children. Design: A quasi- experimental research design was utilized. Setting: The study was conducted at the pediatric surgical unit in Assiut University Children Hospital. Subjects: It included 100 school age children who are suffering from postoperative pain. They were divided into two groups the experimental group (50 children who received aromatherapy massage beside the hospital routine ward care) and the control group (50 children who received the hospital routine ward care).Tools: Two tools were used to collect necessary data which included structured interview questionnaire for personal data and pain assessment scale.Results: It was found that the mean pain score of children in the experimental group was less than mean pain score of those in the control group with statistical significant difference. As well as statistically significant differences were found between the two groups as regards first, second, third, and fourth posttest of pain score post-operative. Conclusion Aromatherapy massage with lavender oil was an effective therapeutic option for postoperative pain Recommendation: Using aromatherapy massage as routine interventions for reducing postoperative pain in children. ...
Evaluation of maternal and neonatal outcomes in the case of preterm premature rupture of membranes and their relationship to prenatal maternal indicators: Across-sectional descriptive study ميرفت محمد الكاشف- تمريض الامومة و النساء و التوليد
Background and aim: Preterm premature rupture of membranes is one of the most important causes of pregnancy complication and a significant role in the occurrence of perinatal morbidity and mortality. The present study aims to evaluate the maternal and neonatal outcomes in the case of preterm premature rupture of membranes and their relationship to prenatal maternal indicators. Subjects and methods: A cross-sectional descriptive design was used to evaluate 68 pregnant women with a gestational age of 32 to before 37 weeks, and singleton pregnancy complicated by preterm premature rupture of membranes who fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The data were collected by convenience sampling using standardized tools. Results: A linear correlation was used to show a correlation between maternal clinical indicators with the predictive maternal and neonatal outcome using a Spearman Rho correlation coefficient. The most significant neonatal outcomes are neonatal intensive care unit admission, neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, and early neonatal sepsis. More than two-thirds of the studied women had expectant management, and less than one-fourth of them have postnatal sepsis. Conclusion and recommendation: The prenatal maternal indicators are the significant values for maternal and neonatal outcome in case of preterm premature rupture of membranes, so A further larger prospective study is recommended to demonstrate the difference in incidence, management protocol of preterm premature rupture of the membranes in the delivery and maternity health care services. ...
Effect of Aromatherapy Massage on Postoperative Sleep Pattern Among School Age Children عطيات محمد حسن سيد
Abstract Background. Aromatherapy is one of the non-pharmacological methods, it is safe and effective for improve sleep pattern postoperative. Aim: This study was aimed to determine the effect of aromatherapy massage on postoperative sleep pattern among school age children. Design: A quasi-experimental research design was utilized. Setting: The study was conducted at the pediatric surgical unit in Assiut University Children Hospital. Subjects: It included 100 school age children suffer from postoperative poor sleep pattern. It was divided into two groups, experimental group (50 children who received aromatherapy massage beside the hospital routine care) and control group (50 children who received hospital routine ward care).Tools: Two tools were used to collect necessary data which included structured interview questionnaire for personal data and sleep assessment scale. Results: The results showed that they are statistical significant differences between the two groups in pretest, first posttest, and second posttest mean score (11.66 ± 2.54, 9.50 ± 0.97and 5.80 ± 0.70) respectively as regard sleep pattern. Conclusion: Aromatherapy massage with lavender oil may be an effective therapeutic option for postoperative sleep pattern. There is a significant positive effect of aromatherapy. Recommendation: Using aromatherapy massage as routine interventions for improving postoperative poor sleep pattern in children. Keywords: Aromatherapy Massage, School Age Children & Sleep Pattern ...
Impact of Internet Addiction on Lifestyle and Dietary Habits of Secondary School Adolescents عطيات محمد حسن سيد

Abstract Background: Adolescents are the most vulnerable group for internet addiction which can have a negative impact on adolescents' diet, exercise and nutrition. Objective: To determine the impact of internet addiction on lifestyle and dietary habits of secondary school adolescents. Methods: A cross-sectional design was utilized from January to May 2018 at four governmental secondary schools in Assiut city. It compromised of a stratified sampling technique of 400 adolescents aged from15-17 years old. Two tools included: Internet addiction test, and lifestyle pattern and dietary habits questionnaire to collect the data. Results: There was a statistical significant relation between levels of internet addiction and lifestyle of the studied adolescents. Also, there was statistical significant relation between levels of internet addiction test and change in dietary habits of the studied adolescents. Conclusion: Adolescents students who had significant problem from internet use complained of irregular bedtime, sleep disturbance, used tobacco, eat big meals, had loss of an appetite, and had fast eating speed more than their counterparts who had control over internet use. Recommendations: Raising adolescents’ awareness through mass media and health education program in the schools and family-centered care about adverse effects of internet addiction on their lifestyle and dietary habits.

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